New Mexico History Timeline

I made this timeline for myself - when I first began doing family history research. Because I didn't intend to use this on my blog, I didn't indicate which specific pieces of information of got from which specific sources. I just listed all my sources at the bottom and called it a day. It actually took me a long time to put this together so when I have time, I will go back and trace the information and indicate it correctly.

Some of the records I've been searching for have been hard to come by, for a variety of reasons. I tried my best to find accurate dates for when each church was built or renovated to help me along. The sources I used varied in dates so I did my best to, at the very least, provide you with approximate time frames.  

***this timeline needs a lot of work and it may be missing a few of my sources. I will do my best to get to it when I can.

Timeline – History of New Mexico Beginning with Spanish Colonial Era

1200's-1500's     Pueblo Indians establish their villages along the Rio Grande

1537     Cabeza de Vaca returns to Spain, and shares the account of his expedition

1538     Francisco Vazquez de Coronado was made governor of Nueva Galicia , New Spain (Mexico)

1540-1542     Coronado leads a large expedition from Mexico, throughout the southwest, to find silver and gold. After finally arriving in New Mexico and waiting out the winter there, he leads his fleet back. Along the way he discovers the Grand Canyon.

1598     Juan de Onate founded the Province of Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico and served as its first governor until 1910. He also established the provinces first capital and settlement of San Juan de los Caballeros (previously known as Yunque and now know as Ohkay Owingeh)

1599     Acoma Massacre

1600-1680     The Spanish settlers who arrived with Onate moved to the Santa Cruz area by 1600.

1610     Official founding of El Reino de la Nueva Mexico, establishing it as a kingdom

1610-1626     Mission of San Gabriel built in Santa Fe – its the oldest know church in the US. This mission church served the San Gabriel/San Juan de los Caballeros settlement until San Juan Bautista was built about a mile away in 1643.

Early 1600's     Church in Nambe Pueblo built (15 miles north of Santa Fe)

Early 1600's     Church in Pojoaque Pueblo built

Early 1600's     San Antonio de Padua established at El Rancho

Early 1600's     Holy Cross Parish of Santa Cruz established

Early 1600's     Santuario de Chimayo built and established

1612-1622     San Augustin Church in Isleta built and Mission founded (It is in present day Bernalillo County)

1619     The first church in the Pecos Pueblo built

1620     Royal decree assigned civil offices to each pueblo
(FYI: The “Eight Northern Pueblos are: Taos, Picuris, santa Clara, San Juan , San Ildefonso, Nambe, Pojoaque, and Tesuque

1620     Mission San Geronimo de Taos built

1628     Mission La Purisma Concepcion de Hawikuh established
It was in the Zuni Pueblo in Cibola County. It was destroyed during the Revolt in 1680.

1629-1641     San Estevan del Rey Mission Church built on the Acomo Pueblo

1643     Construction of San Juan Bautista Church (destroyed in the Pueblo Revolt)

1659     Nuestra Senorta de Guadalupe Mission founded and church built. This church still stands in Ciudad Juarez.

1680     Pueblo Revolt

1682     Missions neat El Paso founded: El Paso del Norte Mission, San Lorenzo Mission, Senecu Mission, Ysleta Mission and Soccoro Mission

1684     Presidio was built near El Paso del Norte

1692-1695     Spanish Recolonization of New Mexico

1692     Diego de Vargas established the first Villa of New Mexico in Santa Fe

1695     Diego de Vargas established the second Villa of New Mexico at Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz de La Canada de los Mexicanos Espanoles de Rey Nuestro Senor Carlos Segundo)

1699     Mission San Jose de Laguna built

1706     Founding of Albuquerque

1706     Mission Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion de Zia established

1710     Holy Cross/Santa Cruz - the first baptism was recorded on 15 Sep 1710

1711     Mission Church San Ildefonso Church built

1712     Pojoaque population reached 79 after previously having been abandoned during the Pueblo Revolt

1717     Mission Nuestra Senora de los Angeles de Porciuncula de los Pecos. The original church was destroyed during the Pueblo Revolt.

1733     Construction began on Holy Cross Church in Santa Cruz de la Canada. The main body of the church was completed around 1748. The north chapel was completed by the end of the 1700's. One of my ancestral names, “Ulibarri” is on the list of founding families there. (For the complete list please visit the church website and click on the “History” tab). The chapel was dedicated to San Francisco de Asisi and is also known as “Penitente Chapel”. (For a history of the Penitentes in Santa Cruz, please see the 2013 article written by Rev. Juan Romero at The Taos Connection link below).

1734-1737     A land grant was approved for construction of Santa Rosa de Lima de Abiquiu. Due to hostile Indian attacks the residents withdrew from the area from 1748-1749 and did not return until April 16, 1750. The plaza was laid out and troops were dispatched to the area until it was established.

1754     Land was granted to genizaros in Abiquiu. Due to some of the land not being useful for growing crops, the community suggested it be reapportioned so that the less fortunate had viable land for feeding their families. (This is the most beautiful thing I have read in all of the research I have done thus far).

1755     Santo Tomas de Abiquiu was built, originally under the jurisdiction of the Santa Clara Mission.

1760's     New Mexico was demoted from being a kingdom to one of New Spain's “Internal Provinces”.

1760     A count showed 57 Indian Families/ 166 persons, in Abiquiu

1760     New San Juan Bautista Church built – the old one was destroyed in the Pueblo Revolt .

1770      Abiquiu had become a military outpost to protect the settlers from the Indian raids that persisted in the area. Around this time is when new surnames showed up on in records

1775-1783     Revolutionary War

1776     American Colonies declared their Independence from England

1776     San Lorenzo de Picuris Church (on the Picuris Pueblo) was built of adobe

1776     By this time the Annual Trade Fair in Abiquiu was established
Government authorities organized this annual trade fair that took place between the Utes and the Spanish-genizaro settlers. It was documented that Indian children were also traded for goods, at this annual fair.

July 19, 1776     Escalante and Dominguez celebrated mass at Santo Tomas de Abiquiu prior to departing on their expedition to find a route to Monterey, California. They never made it to California. Instead, their expedition took them throughout the four corners area of New Mexico, Colorado, Utah and Arizona. The information gathered during this expedition was used by the accompanying Guard Commander & Explorer, Bernardo Miera y Pacheco, (who also served as cartographer) to make the first maps of New Mexico.

1779     Smallpox epidemic in Mexico City and traveled up the Camino Real.

1779-1780     Smallpox made its way through New Orleans, Kansas and by late Spring landed in New Mexico. Many tribes along the way lost a great deal of their populations 31 died in Albuquerque and at least 150 around the area of Santa Fe were lost.

1780     King Carlos III requested Spanish Americans to donate money to the American Revolution. Did you know that being able to prove your lineage as being descended from one of the soldiers of the Presidio of Santa Fe can make you eligible to become a Son/Daughter of the American Revolution?

1786     Peace between Spaniards and Commanches

1790     Spanish Census

1800     Abiquius population reached approx. 1800. By 1826 it had reached over 3500.

1800     San Miguel Del Vado began attracting settlers from Rio Arriba and Rio Abajo

1812     Independence from Spain delcared

1812-1815     War between the US and UK

1821     Mexico achieves independence from Spain and New Mexico becomes a Republic of Mexico

1821     Santa Fe Trail established

1826     Census

1825     Land in Abiquiu reapportioned to help the less fortunate

1837     Chimayo Rebellion

1837     Revolt – rebels defeated at Pojoaque

1846     Mexican War

1847     Taos Rebellion

1848     Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

1850     New Mexico becomes a U.S. Territory

1861-1865     Civil War

1864     Many Navajo were lost on the Long Walk when they were forced to relocate

1879     Railroad reaches New Mexico

1883    St. Joseph Church/San Jose Church established in Los Ojos (per NM office of State Historian website)

1885     Census

1890     Census

1895-1964     Border Crossing Records

1898     Spanish American War

Late 1800's     Census – Arizona and New Mexico Territories

1900     Pojoaque Pueblo Abandoned due to smallpox epidemic

1910     San Francisco de Asisi Church built in Nambe Pueblo

1912     New Mexico becomes 47th state

1917-1918     World War I

1941-1945     World War II

1948     Pueblo people win the right to vote

1950-1953     Korean War

1964-1972     Vietnam War


New Mexico Marriages: Church of Santo Thomas de Abiquiu, 1756-1826
By: Arrellanes (Windham and Baca), Pub. NMGS Records

New Mexico Roots, Ltd
By: Angelico Chavez

Texas State Historian Association

© 2017 Harvesting Pinons, A.M.  ~   All Rights Reserved 

No comments:

Post a Comment